Health

What Causes Prostate Cancer?

Although medical improvements are made daily, medical researchers still do not know what causes prostate cancer. Luckily, advances in diagnosis and therapy for prostate cancer seem very optimistic.

Possible Causes

Some guys inherit the hereditary prostate cancer, or the HPC1 gene. Unhealthy changes in the BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes may also produce a person more vulnerable to prostate cancer. Androgen, the male hormone that encourages healthy development of the prostate may also result in cancerous cell growth in the prostate. Some experts suspect that IGF-1, or the insulin-like growth factor hormone, can also increase the risk of prostate cancer. Other individuals believe that a man that has been exposed to {} can endure mutations in prostate tissues. Inflammation might also add to the risk of getting prostate cancer.

Risk Factors

Hardly any men get prostate cancer before age 40. The chances increase significantly after age 50. Men whose fathers or brothers are diagnosed with prostate cancer have a greater risk for developing it. There is some evidence that men who eat a great deal of animal protein are also at greater risk, but the probability of getting cancer does not appear to rise in men that are obese. Men who smoke do not appear to have a greater risk either. The risk is also not especially higher for men who have had prostatitis, vasectomies, or STDs.

Ongoing Research

Medical researchers are constantly searching for better ways to diagnose and treat prostate cancer. At this time, researchers are exploring certain genes that may make a person more vulnerable to the cancer in addition to genes which may place a person at risk for the cancer spreading. Researchers are also looking at diet and lifestyle habits which may prevent prostate cancer. Up to now, studies have demonstrated that the lycopene found in tomatoes and isoflavones found in soybeans can stop the cancer. There is also evidence that vitamin D may protect against prostate cancer.

Medical experts are starting to doubt the truth of this prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test. The test may give a lot of false positives and negatives. The medical experts are attempting to produce the PSA test more precise and create tests that can discover abnormal genes.

More accurate diagnostic processes are on the horizon. Instead of ultrasound evaluations, physicians can now use a coloured Doppler test to detect tumors in the prostate. More accurate staging is also being used in the fight against prostate cancer.

Experts are also hoping to find better treatments for prostate cancer while it’s still in its early phases. 1 treatment bombards the cancer cells with heat delivered through ultrasound. Drug treatment is also being refined to be more effective in killing the cancer cells while reducing side effects.

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