Health

Causes of Liver Cirrhosis

Once the healthy tissue of your liver was replaced with scar tissue, your liver starts to not function correctly. This is a later stage of liver damage known as cirrhosis. If diagnosed early and treated properly, the development of liver damage can be slowed. Here’s a look at what can lead to cirrhosis.

Symptoms

Cirrhosis symptoms are sometimes the first signs of liver disease. Symptoms include:

  • Bleeding or bruising easily.
  • Water buildup in your legs and/or abdomen.
  • Jaundice, a condition where your eyes and skin may take on a yellowish color.
  • Itchy skin.
  • Increased sensitivity to drugs and their side effects.
  • Insulin resistance and type-2 diabetes.
  • Toxins can develop in your brain, causing difficulties with memory, concentration, sleeping, or other cognitive functions.
  • Blood may back up due to blockage in blood vessels resulting in your liver, possibly causing these blood vessels to burst.

Causes

A healthy liver can fix (regenerate) itself when injured. Every time your liver suffers an injury, scar tissue develops as it regenerates. However, because the cirrhosis progresses, extra scar tissue forms and makes it harder for the liver to function normally. It may take several years for harm to result in cirrhosis. Causes of cirrhosis include:

  • Chronic Alcoholism: The chief cause of cirrhosis in america is chronic alcohol misuse. A high consumption of alcohol may cause the liver to swell. Over time, this may lead to cirrhosis.
  • Chronic Viral Hepatitis: The next major cause of cirrhosis in america is chronic hepatitis C. Hepatitis C may cause the liver swell, which can eventually lead to cirrhosis. The condition may also be caused by hepatitis B and hepatitis D.  
  • Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH): Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is known as a buildup of fat in the liver that’s not due to alcohol. NASH can cause your liver to swell, resulting in cirrhosis. NASH is generally associated with other health problems like diabetes, obesity, high cholesterol, coronary heart disease, and inadequate diet.
  • Bile Duct Disease: Bile duct disease restricts or prevents bile from flowing into your small intestine. This causes the bile to back up in your liver. The liver then swells, resulting in cirrhosis. Primary sclerosing cholangitis and primary biliary cirrhosis are two common bile duct diseases.
  • Genetic Diseases: there are a few genetic diseases that can lead to cirrhosis. They comprise Wilson disease, hemochromatosis, glycogen storage diseases, Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency, and autoimmune hepatitis.

Risk Factors

These factors can increase your risk of liver cirrhosis:

  • Alcohol misuse : Have 5+ drinks in 1 day at least 5 from the past 30 days puts you in danger.
  • Girls : Because women do not have as many enzymes in their stomachs to break down alcohol particles, more alcohol may get to the liver and form scar tissue.
  • Genetics: Many individuals are born with a deficiency in enzymes that lead to removing alcohol.
  • Additional : Obesity, a high fat diet, and hepatitis C also improve your odds of getting alcoholic cirrhosis.

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