When malignant (cancerous) cells develop in the brain tissue to form a tumor, this disorder is known as brain cancer. Ordinarily, these tumors will increase enough to interfere with essential brain functions such as memory, senses, and muscular control. Other, non-cancerous tumors may develop in the mind as well–these are known as benign tumors.
When the tumor originates in the mind and consists of brain tissue, then it’s a primary brain tumor, while tumors that have spread from other body sites are known as metastatic or secondary brain tumors. The seriousness of the tumor will be determined based on two factors: how fast the brain tumor is growing, and the location of the tumor.
Signs and symptoms for brain tumors will be different based on how quickly the tumor is growing, how big it is, and where it is found. But, there are some general signs and symptoms which you can search for. These include:
- Nausea and/or nausea
- Vision issues
- reduction of sensation or motion in a limb
- Balancing difficulties
- Difficulty with language
- Personality changes
- Hearing problems
Tumors that originate in the mind are quite uncommon. These kinds happen whenever normal brain tissue cells acquire mutations in their DNA. The mutations cause the cells to grow and divide at an abnormally rapid rate, which leads to a mass (tumor) developing.
Cancer that starts in a different area of the body and after that metastasizes to the brain is significantly more common. The kinds of cancer that most often spread to the brain include breast cancer, colon cancer, kidney cancer, lung cancer, and melanoma. Rarely, the existence of a secondary brain tumor is going to be the first indicator that the cancer exists.
Brain cancer treatment is dependent upon many factors like the location, size, and type of tumor. Your personal preferences and general health will be taken into account also. The most common treatment options include:
- Surgery: If it’s in any way possible to remove the tumor surgically, this is generally the first plan of action. At times, complete removal is possible if the tumor is small and located in a location which makes it easy to separate from surrounding brain tissue. However, surgery can be quite risky if the tumor is located in a sensitive area of your brain.
- Radiation: This sort of therapy uses high energy beams to kill tumor cells from outside the human body. Sometimes radiation is going to be concentrated exclusively into the area of your brain where the tumor is found. However, other times, whole-brain radiation may be necessary.
- Chemotherapy: This therapy uses drugs to kill cancer cells, taken either in pill form or injected directly into your vein. The most common chemotherapy drug used in the treatment of brain cancer is temozolomide.
- Targeted drug therapy: Unlike chemotherapy, targeted drug therapy can specifically target and kill only cancerous cells while leaving healthy cells unharmed.