Miscarriage occurs when a pregnancy is lost before the 20th week. Between 10% and 20% of confirmed pregnancies end in miscarriage, so it’s essential to have the ability to recognize the signs and symptoms when it happens to you.
Warning Signs of Miscarriage
If you begin to experience any of these symptoms, you should contact your physician as soon as possible to see if you’re having a miscarriage.
- Weight Reduction
- White-pink mucus
- moderate to acute back pain
- Cramping in the abdomen that is worse than regular menstruation cramps
- Painful contractions occurring every 5 to 20 minutes
- Vaginal bleeding or spotting
- Fluid or tissue passing from the vagina
If you begin to experience any of these symptoms, your physician will likely perform some tests to confirm the miscarriage, such as:
- Pelvic examination: This entails your physician checking to see if your cervix has dilated in any way.
- Ultrasound: Ultrasounds help your doctor check to find out whether the embryo is growing normally and if it has a fetal heartbeat.
- Blood tests: Sometimes the pregnancy hormone beta HCG may be measured in your blood to find out whether you’ve miscarried and when you have completely passed each the placental tissue.
- Tissue evaluations: in case you’ve passed tissue, then you can have it analyzed to validate the miscarriage, and to help determine the cause of your miscarriage.
Kinds of Miscarriages
There are also various kinds of miscarriages that may display various symptoms. These include:
- Threatened miscarriage: This happens in case you experience a few of the symptoms of miscarriage, such as uterine bleeding, cramping, or backaches, but your cervix remains closed.
- Inevitable or incomplete Illness: If you experience abdominal pain, vaginal bleeding, and your cervix opens, it follows that a miscarriage is inevitable. When the cervix is dilated, the membrane will rupture. The bleeding and cramps will probably last until the miscarriage is complete.
- Complete Illness: it follows that the embryo and fetus have been fully emptied from the uterus. After this occurs, bleeding should subside, in addition to any pain or cramping you’re experiencing. If your doctor is unsure if your miscarriage is complete, it can be confirmed by ultrasound.
- Missed miscarriage: Sometimes women experience miscarriage without understanding it. It follows that the embryo has expired but isn’t expelled from the uterus. The majority of the time, this is discovered when there is an absence of a fetal heartbeat on an ultrasound. If this occurs, you’ll have a few alternatives. You might choose to wait and see whether the miscarriage will happen normally, which might take up to three or four weeks. Another alternative is to take miscarriage-inducing drugs like misoprostol or mifepristone. The medication will normally take effect within a couple of days. The final solution is to get the rectal tissue surgically removed from the uterus in a procedure called a dilation and curettage (D&C).
- Recurrent miscarriage: when you’ve had three or more consecutive miscarriages during the first trimester, this is known as recurrent miscarriages. This condition affects about 1% of couples that want to conceive.